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Table 4 Description of selected water sector cases

From: Business format in social entrepreneurships for Bangladesh’s water sector

Sl. Nr. Company Sector (model) Innovation and activities
A 1001 fontaines pour demain ( Water (Hybrid Non-Profit) Implements low cost solar powered drinking water solutions for rural village. 1001 fountains’ model incurs no distribution costs and offers the amount of drinking water necessary to match village needs.
B Sunlabob Renewable Energy Ltd. ( Water, Energy, Enterprise Development, Rural Development, Environment, Technology (Hybrid non-profit) Through public-private partnerships installs solar energy systems that primarily provide electrification and some water purification, particularly in rural areas ensuring village technicians and committees help service the solar charging stations, which encourages the creation of microenterprises. In providing consultancy and capacity-building services, Sunlabob has been expanding to different countries through franchise agreements.
C Together Association for Development and Environment ( Water & Sanitation, Rural Development (Hybrid non-profit) It designs and installs low-cost community sewage and water treatment systems, providing potable water in homes and water for irrigation. The village-wide sewage system connects household septic tanks by gravity-fed pipes to a communal filtering facility, where appointed and trained community technicians oversee maintenance and quality control.
D IDEI - International Development Enterprises ( Agriculture, Rural Development, Water (Hybrid non-profit) IDEI designs, develops and delivers small plot irrigation technologies that are commercially viable, environment friendly, scaled down to fit one-tenth of a hectare plots, and cost 20 % of competitive models. Over one million small holder farmer families have been reached through IDEI low-cost irrigation technologies, such as the treadle pump and drip irrigation.
E Gram Vikas ( Education, Health, Rural Development, Water and Sanitation (Hybrid non-profit) Every adult are the member in its programmes and provides incentives to help and encourage villagers to pool their resources to establish and improve village infrastructure, water and sanitation.
F Ecofiltro ( Clean Water, Health (Hybrid non-profit) Eco filter is manufactured from locally sourced materials like clay, sawdust and colloidal silver, a natural antibacterial. With its controlled pore size, the Eco filter allows water to pass. The user simply pours water from any source into the filter, and at a rate of one to two liters per hour, the water is purified. The Eco filter can filter more than 22 gallons a week, making it ideal for families, clinics and schools.
G Barefoot College ( Water, education, Renewable Energy, Rural Development, Technology (Hybrid non-profit) 1,513 rainwater harvesting structures have been built in rural schools and community centers with a total capacity of 96.65 million liters of water every year.
H ( Water and Sanitation (Leveraged Not-for-Profit) The Water Credit program targets households with a lower income. underwrites the start-up costs incurred by microfinance institutions (MFIs) developing water and sanitation loan products, including loans for network connections (to public or private utilities), rainwater harvesting tanks, pit latrines, bio-gas toilets, etc.
  1. The characters A till H are social enterprises active in the water sector and are used in a second comparative case analysis to find similarity patterns. The social enterprises described below all meet the criteria of the Schwab Foundation; hence this study assumes these social enterprises to be successful