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Table 5 Description of selected social business enterprises cases

From: Business format in social entrepreneurships for Bangladesh’s water sector

Sl. Number Company Sector (model) Innovation and activities
I Bata and Care (Rural Sales Program: Empowering Rural Women) Generate employment, profitability of the private sector, women empowerment (Business Partnership) Door to door sales, Rural Sales Program, Rural Maintenance Program
II Grameen Danone Foods Poverty alleviation, Nutrition (unique proximity based social business model) Market prices are set to make the enterprise self sustaining, distribution by local female Grameen Bank beneficiaries, Door-to-door selling
III BASF Grameen Ltd. Health, business opportunity, (social business venture) entrepreneurial activities, Investing in people’s entrepreneurial skills, corporate responsibility
IV Waste Concern Waste recycling, energy, poverty reduction, job creation and sustainable development (Social Business Enterprise) partnership with communities, house-to-house solid waste collection, produce organic fertilizer.
V Kumudini Medical care, education, empower rural women, manpower, environment (welfare trust) Free treatment to poor, research and training facilities to women, producing handicrafts. strong network of artisans
VI Phulki Child rights and women empowerment (non-profit organization) Childcare program for children, community level mechanism to reduce violence against domestic girl workers, implement the Child-to-Child (CTC) Approach
VII KK Tea Environment, poverty, sustainable development (Cooperative) Rear organic cattle, interest-free loans, paid back in long-term installments through the selling of milk, cow dung and calves.
VIII HathayBunano Employment opportunities, (social enterprise) A network of 32 rural co-operatives, sells toys in abroad, established a Rural Centre employment within the community to prevent worker emigration to cities, Social Compliance Standard
IX Bengal Meat Livestock, halal, hygiene (Partnership) Beef Fattening and Market, Linkage at Farmer’s Level, livestock breeding facilities, improve feed efficiency, reduce production cost.
  1. This appendix provides a concise description of the selected cases of the strategic sample. The numbers I till IX are social business ventures used in the first comparative case analysis. The social enterprises described below are working in Bangladesh. Hence this study assumes these social enterprises are successful