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Table 3 Estimate of binary logistic regression models of livelihood status

From: Analysis of livelihood activity amongst itinerant west African migrant traders in the Accra metropolitan area

Predictors Job security Food security Price shocks Afford healthcare Acquisition of assets Social networks Overall livelihood status
Odds Odds Odds Odds Odds Odds
Sex
 Male *2.518 0.199 1.965 1.451 *2.458 *3.675 *3.588
 Female (RC)        
Age (in years)
 < 20 1.735 *2.543 *0.478 0.231 *0.342 0.391 *0.217
 20–29 *6.592 2.100 6.490 0.000 *0.541 0.627 2.732
 30–39 6.131 0.951 2.345 0.000 4.410 0.849 6.186
40–49 (RC)        
Country of origin
 Benin 1.526 0.531 0.342 0.211 2.461 0.578 2.250
 Burkina Faso 1.260 0.494 2.342 0.333 1.236 0.905 1.906
 Mali *0.733 0.643 1.290 2.023 10.548 1.934 *0.335
 Niger 2.902 0.689 0.390 0.610 2.589 0.578 *0.350
 Nigeria 1.222 *8.083 0.716 0.251 3.587 2.240 2.030
 Togo 2.194 5.951 1.296 0.235 11.896 1.034 2.418
 Other (RC)        
Main trading activity
 Electronics/ Accessories *1.360 1.179 *1.634 0.950 1.077 0.630 *1.765
 Herbal medicines 0.509 0.475 0.560 *1.138 0.693 0.670 0.638
 Food products *0.276 0.999 *0.279 0.730 *0.337 0.567 *0.420
 Fabrics 0.652 1.093 0.832 0.930 0.609 0.868 0.690
 Clothing 1.192 *0.455 0.851 0.768 0.588 0.807 0.682
 Belts/bags/foot wear 0.886 *0.564 0.914 0.455 0.677 1.217 0.661
 Ornaments 1.049 1.233 *1.334 0.467 1.042 2.671 0.828
 DVDs/CDs (RC)        
Duration in trade
 1–4 *0.670 *0.485 0.428 0.858 0.205 0.622 *0.197
 5–8 1.967 1.199 0.482 1.545 *0.593 0.840 0.453
 ≥9 (RC)        
R2 53.7% 74.2% 75.4% 37.8 48.0% 47.3% 63.8%
Hosmer and Lomeshow Test 2 = 10.432; df = 8; P > 0.236) 2 = 11.877; df = 8; P > 0.157) 2 = 10.255; df = 8; P > 0.248) 2 = 5.747; df = 8; P > 0.676) 2 = 8.029; df = 8; P > 0.431) 2 = 7.319; df = 24; P > 0.503) 2 = 13.380; df = 8; P > 0.099)
Omnibus Tests of Model Coefficients 2 = 121.720 df = 8; P > 0.040) 2 = 98.364; df = 8; P > 0.000 2 = 212.752; df = 24; P > 0.000) 2 = 72.126; df = 24; P > 0.000) 2 = 163.978; df = 24; P > 0.000) 2 = 99.994; df = 24; P > 0.000) (model = 59.843; df = 24; p < 0.050)
  1. *Significant at P < 0.050
  2. RC Reference category
  3. Source: Field survey (2017)