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Table 2 Analysis of variance in examining significant relationship among the mean ratings of some variables

From: Exploring potential climate-related entrepreneurship opportunities and challenges for rural Nigerian women

Evidence of Climate Change N Mean Std. Deviation 95% Confidence Interval for Mean
Lower Bound Upper Bound
Crop yields have increased significantly 595 2.6672r 1.12674 2.5765 2.7579
Difficulty in gathering firewood 595 2.8235q 1.12402 2.7330 2.9140
Reduced non timber forest products 595 2.8555q .76274 2.7941 2.9169
Climate change has increased the productivity of livestocks generally 595 2.8908q 1.37798 2.7798 3.0017
There is reduction in the size and number of eggs laid by poultry birds as a result of climate change. 595 3.2874no 1.06193 3.2019 3.3729
There is reduction in fertility rate of livestock as a result of the change in climate. 595 3.3832no 1.01390 3.3016 3.4648
Crop yields have reduced significantly 595 3.4168mn 1.06096 3.3314 3.5022
Increased heat stress on livestock 595 3.4235mn .52428 3.3813 3.4657
Climate change has led to poor quality of available pasture for livestock. 595 3.5143lm 1.21483 3.4165 3.6121
There are extreme rainfall events. 595 3.6252jk .74470 3.5653 3.6852
Climate change has increased the mortality rate of livestock. 595 3.6655jk 1.10283 3.5768 3.7543
There is stunted growth of crop 595 3.6756ijk .58083 3.6289 3.7224
There is fast evaporation. 595 3.6924ij .94701 3.6162 3.7687
Increased heat stress on crops 595 3.7748hi .76522 3.7132 3.8364
Increased pests and diseases incidence in livestocks 595 3.8235h .87084 3.7534 3.8936
Increased cost of crop production generally 595 3.8655gh .51777 3.8239 3.9072
Increased incidence of destructive windstorms. 595 3.9496efg .77903 3.8869 4.0123
Unusual flooding now occurs 595 3.9580efg .87612 3.8874 4.0285
Increased frequency and intensity of flood 595 3.9866ef .76530 3.9249 4.0482
General reduction in family income 595 4.0235de .57978 3.9768 4.0702
There is increase in air temperature 595 4.0403de .37388 4.0102 4.0704
Increased loss of available agricultural land due to erosion 595 4.0420de .62758 3.9915 4.0925
Increase in the cost of agric land due to loss of available land to extreme weather events 595 4.1176cd .65619 4.0648 4.1705
Ineffectiveness of agricultural chemicals due to climate change 595 4.1832cb .65781 4.1302 4.2362
There is prolonged dry season. 595 4.1933bc .76846 4.1314 4.2551
Increased weed infestation of crops 595 4.2336b .45045 4.1973 4.2699
Increased poverty rate of rural women generally 595 4.2387b .42662 4.2043 4.2730
On set of rainfall is now delayed. Retreat of rainfall is now earlier than before 595 4.2639b .52154 4.2219 4.3059
There is generally undefined weather 595 4.2639b .44110 4.2284 4.2994
Planting time of crops is now unpredictable 595 4.3765a .48491 4.3374 4.4155
Soil fertility has been reduced generally 595 4.4622a .52207 4.4202 4.5042
  1. a, b, c,…,q:- Duncan Range Test for homogenous subsets of rating