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Table 1 Firms’ Characteristics and managers’ profile

From: The impacts of entrepreneurial orientation on the profitability growth of construction firms in Tanzania

  Frequency Percentage
Year of establishment Before 1991 8 6.1
1991–2000 39 29.5
2001–2009 85 64.4
Level of education of firm owners Certificate in engineering courses 21 15.9
Certificate in other courses 8 6.1
Diploma in engineering courses 7 5.3
Diploma in other courses 11 8.3
Bachelor degree in engineering courses 60 45.5
Bachelor degree in other courses 11 8.3
Postgraduate in engineering courses 10 7.6
Postgraduate degree in other courses 4 3
Field of education Engineering courses 98 74.2
Other courses 34 25.8
Activities Building works 18 13.6
Civil works 12 9.1
Building and civil works 102 77.3
Employees in 2012 0–10 employees 47 35.6
11–20 employees 20 15.2
21–30 employees 10 7.6
31–40 employees 11 8.3
41–50 employees 9 6.8
51 and above employees 35 26.5
Location Dar es Salaam 71 53.8
Tanga 9 6.8
Arusha 22 16.7
Dodoma 2 1.5
Mwanza 18 13.6
Kigoma 4 3
Mbeya 6 4.5